VMA 1.96: : When will I see the Krishna bumblebee?
kadācit śrī-rādhā-mukha-kamala-mādhvī-rasa-pibam |
viloke taṁ kṛṣṇa-bhramaram adhi vṛndāvanam aham ||1.96||
Sometimes buzzing around Sri Radha's lotus feet,
sometimes drinking the nectar honey of Radha's lotus mouth,
sometimes trapped in the lotus flower cup of Radha's breasts,
when will I see this black bumblebee cavort in Vrindavan?
Yesterday I felt a bit of fear as I posted such an intimate pastime of Radha and Krishna. At the same time I had recently been heavily criticized for speaking to unqualified persons about the fragrance of Radha's body, as in the first verse of Rādhā-rasa-sudhā-nidhi.
yasyāḥ kadāpi vasanāñcala-khelanottha-
dhanyātidhanya-pavanena kṛtārtha-mānī |
tasyā namo'stu vṛṣabhānu-bhuvo diśe'pi ||
I bow down to even the direction in which Vrishabhanu Nandini is present, for even Madhusudana, whose characteristics are incomprehensible to the greatest yogis (yogīndra-durgama-gatir madhusūdano'pi), thinks himself to be most fortunate and fulfilled when the glorious, most glorious breezes arising from the playful movement of the hem of her sari come his way. (RRSN 2)Madhusūdana is a name that has several meanings, including "drinker of honey," which is what a bee is. That is why he is likened to a bee, besides being black, of course. There is plenty of scope for scouring the literature for more comparisons of Krishna to a bee, especially in the Bhāgavatam 10.47, where Radharani's soliloquy to a bee arises on her hearing the gopis lament that just as a bee leaves a flower when it has sucked it dry of honey and goes to another, so does Krishna abandon the gopis after tasting their love.
anyeṣv artha-kṛtā maitrī yāvad-artha-viḍambanam |
pumbhiḥ strīṣu kṛtā yadvat sumanaḥsv iva ṣaṭpadaiḥ ||
Motivated friendship toward others is an imitation that lasts only until its purpose has been fulfilled, such as with men who seduce women, or a bee taking honey from the flower. (10.47.6)The bee metaphors befits the dhīra-lalita leading man, who is our worshipable hero, Krishna. [More reading on the dhīra-lalita : Radha the Empress of Love, O Mind! Meditate on Radha's breasts, More about the two circles.]
vṛndāvane aprākṛta navīna madana
kāma-gāyatrī kāma-bīje jāṅra upāsana
puruṣa yoṣit kibā sthāvara jaṅgama
sarva cittākarṣaka sākṣāt manmatha madana
In Vrindavan resides an ever-youthful, divine Cupid. His worship is conducted with the kāma-bīja and kāma-gāyatrī mantras. This form of Krishna attracts all creatures whether male or females, moving or non-moving; he even attracts the mundane god of love himself. (CC 2.8.137-138)
śṛṅgāra-rasa-rāja-maya-mūrti dhara |
ata eva ātmā paryanta sarva-citta hara ||
rāya kahena kṛṣṇa hayena dhīra-lalita |
nirantara kāma-krīḍā yāhāra carita ||
The dhīra-lalita, the male lead in a romantic comedy, is described by Rupa Goswami as follows:Krishna attracts the hearts of all living entities, including himself because he has taken form as the embodiment of the romantic sentiment. Krishna has the character of a dhīra-lalita, the charming lover, whose only business is to engage in amorous sports. (CC 2.8.143, 187)
vidagdho nava-tāruṇyaḥ parihāsa-viśāradaḥ |
niścinto dhīra-lalitaḥ syāt prāyaḥ preyasī-vaśaḥ ||
The charmer is suave, ever youthful, clever in the arts of flirtatious humor, always carefree and usually under his mistress’s thumb. (BRS 2.1.230)And the example Rupa Goswami gives reveals the same traits as yesterday's verse, and that today: śrī-rādhā-kuca-kamala-koṣa-dvaya-rataṁ. The bee, though it flies from flower to flower, sometimes becomes so enamored of the inexhaustible supplies of honey in the lotus that it becomes entrapped by the petals when they fold closed at night.
vācā sūcita-śarvarī-rati-kalā-prāgalbhyayā rādhikāṁ
vrīḍā-kuñcita-locanāṁ viracayann agre sakhīnām asau |
kaiśoraṁ saphalī-karoti kalayan kuñje vihāraṁ hariḥ ||
Not everyone has the adhikāra for this madhura-rasa, but it is important to recognize that this is the mood at the center of Vrindavan. It is the worshipable mood of all the rasika sampradāyas, and this is what Vrindavan will reveal to the surrendered bhakta who is fortunate to have found the association of rasikas in the Holy Dham.With his brazen words referring to the bold erotic arts experienced the night before, Krishna makes Radharani squint in embarrassment in front of her sakhis. As he does so, he continues to show his expertise in painting various dolphin figures on her breasts [with musk and sandalwood]. By these playful pastimes in the kunjas of Vrindavan, Krishna fulfills the purpose of his youth. (BRS 2.1.231)
A note about the style. Prabodhananda's style is easily recognizable, which seems to be the best evidence that he is the author of the Rādhā-rasa-sudhā-nidhi.
rādhā-vihāra-vipine ramatāṁ mano me ||
More examples will no doubt follow.May my mind take pleasure in Sri Radha's forest playground,which is filled with flower vines
whose twigs have been touched by Radha's hands,
whose sweet sites have been trod and marked by Radha's feet
and where the birds become intoxicated singing Radha's glories. (RRSN 13)