Bhakti Sandarbha 327 : Kṛṣṇa Comes Under the Control of His Pure Devotees

The Bhakti Sandarbha texts that appear here are not the official version, which still has to go through more editorial changes. It represents the state of the work after I have looked at it and made my changes. The Jiva Institute edition of the Bhakti Sandarbha should be finished and published later this year, and also made available in electronic form soon thereafter. This is only meant to give a foretaste, but better not to quote or use it. Thank you.

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Anuccheda 327 : Kṛṣṇa Comes Under The Control Of His Pure Devotees

एवंभूतस्य भक्तस्य ज्ञानयोगादीनां यत्फलं तन्मात्रं न, किन्त्वन्यन्महदेवेत्याह (भा. ११.२९.४)—

Such a devotee attains not only the results available through jñāna, yoga and other processes, but something far superior, as indicated in Uddhava’s next statement:

किं चित्रमच्युत तवैतदशेषबन्धो
दासेष्वनन्यशरणेषु यदात्मसात्त्वम्।
योऽरोचयत् सह मृगैः स्वयमीश्वराणां

O infallible one, O friend of all! Is it at all astonishing that Your exclusively devoted servants make You their own when You delight in the company of animals, even though Your very pedestal is polished by the tips of the brilliant crowns worn by the great rulers of the cosmos as they bow down out of respect for You? (SB 11.29.4)

अशेषबन्धो ! दासेष्वनन्यशरणेषु, यद्वा, अशेषाणामसुरपर्यन्तानां यो बन्धुर्मोक्षादिदानैर्निरुपाधिहितकारी, हे तथाभूत!

The address “O friend of all” (aśeṣa-bandho) can mean either that Kṛṣṇa is the one and only friend of His servants who have taken exclusive (aśeṣa) shelter in Him or that He is a friend to all (aśeṣa), including the asuras. This means that He acts for the welfare of all without discrimination, by awarding liberation and other such boons.

तवैतत् किं चित्रं, यदनन्यशरणेषु ज्ञानयोगकर्माद्यनुष्ठानविमुखेषु दासेषु शुद्धभक्तेषु बलिप्रभृतिषु आत्मसात्त्वं तेषां, य आत्मा तदधीनत्वमित्यर्थः। तदुक्तम्—"न साधयति मां योगः" (भा. ११.१४.२०) इत्यादि।

The [rhetorical] question, "Is it at all astonishing for You…?" (etat tava kiṁ citram), indicates that is not at all a wonder that Bhagavān submits to those who are exclusively devoted to Him (ananya-śaraṇeṣu), i.e., oblivious to the practices of jñāna, yoga, and so on, and "His servants” (dāseṣu) the pure devotees such as Bali. "Make You their own" (ātma-sāttvam) means that Bhagavān comes under the control.

Bhagavān stated this fact earlier:

Neither practice of yoga, nor sāṅkhya, nor prescribed duties, nor the study of the Vedas, nor austerities, nor renunciation can captivate Me as does forceful devotion unto Me. (SB 11.14.20)

तस्य तव तथाभूतेषु न जातिगुणाद्यपेक्षा चेत्यन्तरङ्गलीलायामपि दृश्यत इत्याह—यः इति। सहेति सहभावं सख्यमित्यर्थः। मृगैर्वृन्दावनचारिभिः।

For Bhagavān whose nature is such, criteria such as caste and other external attributes have no bearing, which is evident even in His pastimes in the spiritual domain. Uddhava hints at this in the second half of the verse. The phrase “in the company of” (saha) is used in the sense of companionship and more specifically friendship. "With the animals" (mṛgaiḥ) means those that roam in Vṛndāvana.

[Thus Uddhava is alluding to the fact that Kṛṣṇa used to delight even in the friendship of the deer and other animals of Vṛndāvana . ]

स्वयं तु कथम्भूतोऽपि ? ईश्वराणामित्यादिलक्षणोऽपि। ईश्वराः श्रीशिवब्रह्मादयः। ज्ञानयोगादिपरमफलरूपापि या मुक्तिः, तां दैत्येभ्यो ददासि, पाण्डवादिसख्यदौत्यवीरासनादिस्थितिवद्दासानां तु स्वयमधीनो भवसि। अत एवंभूतस्य श्रीकृष्णस्यैव तव भक्तिर्मुख्येति भावः॥

Yet what is the personal status of Bhagavān [who plays in this way?] He is honored even by the great rulers of the cosmos, such as Brahmā and Śiva, who bow down before Him.

The implication of all this is that Kṛṣṇa awards liberation, which is the highest fruit of the practices of jñāna and yoga, even to the demons. Yet in the case of His servants, Kṛṣṇa comes directly under their control, as He did with the Pāṇḍavas by acting as their friend, messenger and watchman. The import is that bhakti performed specifically to Śrī Kṛṣṇa, whose nature is described in the verse, is the chief process.

Commentary by Satyanarayana Dasa Babaji

Kṛṣṇa is the supreme regulator (Brahma-saṁhitā 5.1). The great regulators of the universe such as Brahmā and Śiva bow their heads to Him, yet He is regulated by His surrendered devotees. This is evident from His being bound by Yaśodā, as mentioned in the previous anuccheda. Yogīs and jñānīs can never know such great fortune. They can only attain sāyujyā or sālokya-mukti. By this message Uddhava wants to convey the importance of rāgānugā bhakti. There is nothing that pleases Kṛṣṇa as much as loving devotion.


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