VMA 1.69 : "Living on fruits and roots, remember the Lord and Lady of the Dham"


nāhantā-mamate vṛthā kuru sakhe dehālaya-stry-ādike
chittvā durjara-śṛṅkhalaṁ guru-girā te moha-mātroditam|
vṛndāraṇyam upetya śīghram akhilānandaika-sāmrājya-sat-
kandaṁ kanda-phalādi-vṛttir aniśaṁ tan-nātha-līlāṁ smara ||
O friend! Don’t waste time thinking you are the doer
or owner of your body, home and family.
Take the words of your guru
and cut off all these powerful chains
that arise out of bewilderment alone
and go quickly to Vrindavan,
the eternal root of the sole empire of unlimited joy.
 
And there, living on fruits and roots,
remember constantly the pastimes
of the Lord and Lady of the Dham
. (1.69)

Commentary

Each one of Prabodhananda Saraswati’s verses is a miniature summary of the essence of all instructions as given by Rupa Goswami (See Verse 1.30). In this verse, we see the verb √chid being used again, along with the words guru-girā, “the words of the guru” just as in the previous verse, the words guru-nigama-girā were used, “the words of the guru and the holy scriptures.” These were compared to Krishna’s telling Arjuna to cut the doubts born of ignorance with the sword of knowledge. In these two verses, “born of ignorance” are conveyed by moha-mātroditam and svīya-mohaika-siddha, “arising out of bewilderment,” “nothing more than the product of illusion.” And the object, the thing that is to be cut? In the previous verse it was material bonds (sva-pāśān), and here it is stated more clearly, “powerful chains” (durjara-śṛṅkhalaṁ).

Anyone familiar with the Bhāgavatam will immediately recognize these last words, durjara-śṛṅkhalaṁ, which are found at a crucial point in the account of the Rasa Lila. There, in perhaps the greatest glorification of bhakti anywhere, Krishna says to the gopis,

na pāraye’haṁ niravadya-saṁyujāṁ
sva-sādhu-kṛtyaṁ vibudhāyuṣāpi vaḥ |
yā mābhajan durjara-geha-śṛṅkhalāḥ
saṁvṛścya tad vaḥ pratiyātu sādhunā ||
I am left powerless, for even if were given the lifetime of the gods to repay you your good deeds, I would be unable, for you have dedicated yourselves to me completely, breaking off the powerful chains (durjara-geha-śṛṅkhalāḥ) that kept you bound to home and family to worship me. You must therefore be satisfied with your good deeds alone. (10.32.22)
The grand teaching here is that Krishna, God Himself, finds himself powerless to give anything to the gopis as a compensation for their love, for they want nothing from him. For although Krishna promises to respond to his devotees according to their desire (ye yathā māṁ prapadyante tāṁs tathaiva bhajāmy aham), with the gopis, he fails to fulfill his promise. How can you repay love except with love? When the gopis asked him for his rule in reciprocating love, Krishna said that he does not follow the normal rules,

nāhaṁ tu sakhyo bhajato’pi jantūn
bhajāmy amīṣām anuvṛtti-vṛttaye
yathādhano labdha-dhane vinaṣṭe
tac-cintayānyan nibhṛto na veda
My beloved friends, I do not reciprocate those who love me in a strictly equivalent exchange. [These devotees are] just like a poor man who loses the wealth he has gained, and alone, thinks of nothing else. (10.32.20)
In other words, since those who love God selflessly want nothing in return, they must be satisfied with Love itself. Indeed, the love itself is more important than Krishna. So Krishna acts in ways only so that their love grows stronger. That is how he reciprocates. Indeed, from one angle of vision, that is how he reciprocates with everyone, whether conscious of him or not.

Life is miserable for everyone because of the absence of God. The difference is in the awareness. For those who are aware, that misery of separation is transformed into ambrosia. This is a difficult secret to fathom.


Comments

Anonymous said…

एतां विभूतिं योगं च मम यो वेत्ति तत्त्वतः ।
सोऽविकम्पेन योगेन युज्यते नात्र संशयः ।। ७ ।।

etāṁ vibhūtiṁ yogaṁ ca mama yo vetti tattvataḥ
so ’vikalpena yogena yujyate nātra saṁśayaḥ

Bhagavad-gītā - Chapter 10, Verse 7.


Notes

विभूति (vibhūti) - वि ‎(vi‎) +‎ भूति ‎(bhūti - bhū [bʰuH ] + ti [iti]‎).

See Monier-Williams (pages 978-979)

978:

http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/cgi-bin/monier/serveimg.pl?file=/scans/MWScan/MWScanjpg/mw0978-vibhASA.jpg

979:

http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/cgi-bin/monier/serveimg.pl?file=/scans/MWScan/MWScanjpg/mw0979-vibhUman.jpg

See Proto-Indo-European bʰuH (and “Derived terms”):

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/b%CA%B0uH-

See also बभूव babhū́va:

http://sanskrit.inria.fr/MW/189.html

And Monier-Williams entry for bhū:

http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/cgi-bin/monier/serveimg.pl?file=/scans/MWScan/MWScanjpg/mw0760-bhuJjApaya.jpg
Anonymous said…

See paragraph 6:

https://archive.org/stream/PracticalGuideForStudentsLifeSwamiShivananda/Practical%20Guide%20for%20Students%20Life%20Swami%20Shivananda#page/n128/mode/1up

(Use the zoom function to read)

Notes

Theevra Vairāgya - intense dispassion

(Theevra) Devaram - देव (devá) + रम् (ram):

देव (devá):

http://www.sanskrita.org/scans/visor.html?scan=492.gif

रम् (ram):

http://www.sanskrita.org/scans/visor.html?scan=867.gif

वैराग्य (vairāgya):

http://www.sanskrita.org/scans/visor.html?scan=1025.gif
Anonymous said…

वैर (vaíra):

http://www.sanskrita.org/scans/visor.html?scan=1024.gif

http://www.sanskrita.org/scans/visor.html?scan=1025.gif


From वीर (vīrá):

http://www.sanskrita.org/scans/visor.html?scan=1005.gif


रा (rā):

http://www.sanskrita.org/scans/visor.html?scan=871.gif


रग् (rag):

http://www.sanskrita.org/scans/visor.html?scan=860.gif

√ रञ्ज् (rañj):

http://www.sanskrita.org/scans/visor.html?scan=861.gif

gya(n)

ज्ञान(jñāna):

http://www.sanskrita.org/scans/visor.html?scan=426.gif

√ ज्ञा (jñā):

http://www.sanskrita.org/scans/visor.html?scan=425.gif

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